Clinical Research: A Crucial Branch Of Healthcare Science
Clinical Research deals with a plethora of techniques related to the utility of medical treatments and prescriptions. The purpose of these trials is to establish the risks and benefits of medicines and medical apparatus, while simultaneously identifying new cures and plausible reasons for a particular illness. With the help of these trials, medical researchers are able to devise new ways to treat diseases and work towards improving the overall quality of life. Clinical trials have helped develop new & better ways to treat rare health conditions and have proven to be quite beneficial for maintaining or re-establishing health.
There are various categories of clinical researches that are conducted to meet different sets of objectives. One such category is Prevention Research, which is conducted to identify new ways to prevent illnesses. This includes developing vaccinations and recognising lifestyle causes for certain diseases. The second category is Treatment Research, which aims to develop new ways to treat and cure diseases. Screening Research is another category of Clinical Research, and it deals with creating new methods to diagnose health conditions. Another type of clinical research, called Quality Of Life Research, discovers new ways to help patients suffering from chronic diseases live a better life. Genetic Research is another category, which deals with genetics and aims to enhance the genetic makeup of individuals, cutting down the risks of acquiring genetically passed diseases as a result.
Most clinical trials are conducted in four phases. In the first phase, the trials are conducted by testing the treatment on a small sample size. The purpose of this trial is to determine the quantity in which the drug should be administered. The side-effects and safety of the treatment are also observed. This is followed by the second phase, in which the sample size is increased and the side-effects are tested on a diverse population. This gives a clear idea of the efficiency of the drug and helps researchers learn about what they can improve to increase the effectiveness of the treatment.
In the third phase, the sample size is increased even more. This helps in confirming the uses of the drug. The observations of these trials are compared with regular medical activity and the results that are generated as a result help in determining the extent at which the drug is safe for use. The fourth and final phase is carried out over a period of many months or even years. This phase is aimed at evaluating long-term effects of a particular treatment.
With the help of clinical trials, researchers are constantly coming up with better medical treatments that have helped patients enjoy a long, and healthy life. ICRI – Institute of Clinical Research India, is an excellent institute offering a highly advantageous course in this domain in the form of MSc Clinical Research'. With the help of these courses, students can get accustomed to make a difference in the lives of people.
The writer of this content is a talented writer. ICRI is a reputed educational institute that offers many useful courses to the students including clinical research courses.