The use of information and communication technologies for health is referred to as e-Health. The most common applications of e-Health include treatment of patients, education of health workforce, monitoring of public health and tracking of diseases.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), E-Health is “cost-effective and secure use of information and communications technologies in support of health and health-related fields, including health-care services, health surveillance, health literature, and E-Health Education, knowledge and research”. The e-Health unit works with partners at the global, regional and country level to promote and strengthen the use of information and communication technologies in health development, from applications in the field to global governance”.
E- Health has been developed for the benefit of both low- and high- income countries.
The World Health Organization regions with e-Health services include Americas (PAHO e-Health i.e, Pan American Health Organization), Africa Eastern Mediterranean regions) and Western Pacific region.
The most common example of e-Health is e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (e-LENA); it’s a mobile phone application which currently has more than 1 million users. It comes under category of mobile health (m-Health).
As per the recent reports, e-Health is now being considered as key pillar of digital India.The online models of Healthcare Management are helping in providing key information to patients; the patients are having all the necessary information on their fingertips as they now have direct access to doctors, pharmacy or diagnostics.
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