Clinical psychology provides psychiatric services from people of all ages and all walks of life. Methods and techniques may vary from practice to practice. However, the focus of clinical psychology is to assess the client's mental health through psychological assessments and tests and to provide appropriate intervention. In addition to these core activities, clinical psychologists sometimes do research and act as consultants.
Mental health concerns are on the rise in developing countries like India. The globalizing world is witnessing increasing stress levels. The processes of modernization has led to an increased momentum of change. While the burdens are increasing on a daily basis, the existing support systems provided surrounding environment seems to be insufficient to deal with the stress rising day by day affecting the efficiency to lead a normal life or to maintain a pace with demanding job roles.
The Mental Health Survey (2015-16), showed that the treatment gap for mental disorders ranged between 70 to 92% for different disorders. Anecdotal reports suggest that the total number of psychiatrists in India could be between 3,500 and 5,000 which translates to one psychiatrist to 200,000 to 300,000 people. The existing training infrastructure produces about 320 psychiatrists, 50 clinical psychologists and 185 mental health nurses per year. Scarcity of trained and supervised services and professionals is one of the fundamental barriers to the progress of mental health services in India. This clearly points out to the need for training mental health professionals who can effectively respond to the mental health needs of communities.
Adding to the problem there is huge shortage of psychiatrists and psychologist in India as compared to the number of people suffering from mental health issues. WHO states that in India per 1lakh population there are 0.07 psychologist while the desired numbers are anything above at least 3 psychologists per 1lakh population?
This need is realized and there are large number of mental health and wellness startups in India. It has garnered over US $ 28.24, with the decade highest investment in 2021 and that is definitely going to increase in near future.
The specific goal of the M.A. Applied Psychology (Clinical and Counselling Practice) will be to equip learners to practice developmental, mental health and issue-based assessment and interventions with a focus on primary prevention and therapeutic interventions. The current M.A. programme aims to develop students’ self-awareness and a sound theoretical base from which they can build skills necessary for practice in fieldwork and internship settings. The emphasis is on a seamless blend of theory and practice. The focus is also on developing research capacities of students. Supervision is inbuilt into the practice component allowing students to benefit from feedback provided by trained professionals in the field.
Clinical psychology involves the assessment, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness. The largest subfield of psychologists, clinical psychologists often work in hospitals, private clinics, academic institutions, NGO’s, startups etc focusing on mental well being
Clinical Psychologists-The responsibility of a clinical psychologist is to resolve the physical and mental issues faced by children to adults.
Counsellor-The counsellors are trained to provide guidance to the clients on personal or psychological problems.
Psychotherapist-Specially trained to offer therapy to the clients to resolve their mental and emotional problems.
Teachers-The graduate of Clinical Psychology can teach the subject in universities and colleges.
Child Psychologists-Responsible to cure the mental illness of the children through communication and other methods.
Responsible for curing psychological effects of bad health a person suffering from. The two year intensive program includes